This article will talk about the importance of Physical Activities in sustaining overall health; and will point advantages of exercise to those straight “A” students who usually avoid it. I will be pointing out different advantages of physical activities emotionally, mentally and physically. I have gathered resources of studies from different organizations like US National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health (NCBI ) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) which studied preventable disease related to lack of physical activities and how school-based physical activities affect the academic performance of the youth which improves cognitive and motor skills.
There is five leading cause of death reported in the US and those are heart disease, cancer, unintentional injuries, stroke and respiratory disease. 20-40% percent of annual deaths from each of these diseases are preventable ( CDC, 2014). Preventable disease means, these diseases can be avoided and premature death may be lessened through healthy lifestyle such as healthy diet and participating in physical activities. Examples are, heart disease and stroke; which may be worse or acquired through lack of physical activities.
CDC has released facts of Physical activities which says that regular physical activities about 60 minutes per day among children and adolescents can improve cardiorespiratory fitness, build strong bones and muscle, control weights, reduce anxiety and depression and reduce the risk of osteoporosis, obesity. It also reduces the risk of acquiring the five leading diseases which cause deaths in the US. On the other hand, the consequences of lack of physical activities can cause energy imbalance which can lead to obesity, increase the risk to cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, breast, colon, endometrial, and lung cancers, osteoporosis (CDC, 2017).
Health does not choose if you are student “ A “ or just an average student since optimal health can be acquired mainly through physical activities and healthy eating habit. Thus exercising is also advised to those straight “A” students who usually avoid it because physical activities can help these students interact and release stress. Studying is stressful they also need an output to release their stress and energized their brain. A research study has been made to understand the relationship between physical activities and the physiological behavior of the brain and how physical Activities affects the Brain, ( CDC, 2010). The study wanted to prove that cognitive skills and motor skills can be improved through physical movement as it affects the physiology of the brain by increasing the cerebral capillary growth, blood flow, oxygenation, production of neutrophils, the growth of nerve in the center of learning and memory, neurotransmitter levels, development of nerve connection, density of neural network and brain tissue volume. Thus, the overall finding indicates positive outcomes in the following: academic achievement, academic behaviors such as classroom conduct, indicators of cognitive skills and attitudes such as concentration, memory, self-esteem and verbal skills. Moreover, physical activities will develop the social being of the youths which will help them develop their interpersonal skills and the understand cultures such as policies, support and etc. These can be nurtured when they find joy in participating the game, interacting with others and being able to experience different environment such as going to the gym or park; following the policies of the game and find support(4).
As health care cost increases people nowadays are interested in knowing how to improve and maintain overall health most especially those underdeveloped and developing countries. The government and many organizations have uprooted to encourage and educate people in engaging themselves in exercising, as it benefits not just the physical but optimal health of an individual. Its’ benefits in reducing the risk of acquiring preventable diseases, improve physiology of the brain and its influence in the sociology ecological well being of youths or individual are the reasons why these wellness programs are encouraged in the schools and workplace.
- Up to 40 percent of annual deaths from each of five leading US causes are preventable: CDC,2014. https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/p0501-preventable-deaths.html
- Physical Activity Facts: CDC, 2017. https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/physicalactivity/facts.htm
- The Association Between School-Based Physical Education and Academic Performance: CDC, 2010. https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/health_and_academics/pdf/pa-pe_paper.pdf
- Progress and Future Directions on Physical Activity Research Among Youth: Everson, K. R., Mota, J. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3722899/